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6 min read

United States Court of Appeals Affirms Decision in SA-TECH Bid Protest



A bid protest is a challenge to the award or proposed award of a contract for the procurement of goods and services or a challenge to the terms of a solicitation for such a contract.

The recent bid protest action filed by SA-TECH against the United States Army has garnered attention for the significant ruling made by the United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit. With a national jurisdiction, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit hears appeals on patent and certain civil cases from courts such as the U.S. Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims, among others.  In this court opinion, we gain valuable insight into the jurisdictional aspects of bid protests, and furthermore, this ruling serves to validate SA-TECH's claim against the Army's corrective action.

One of the key takeaways from this ruling is the emphasis on the importance of a fair and transparent bidding process in government contracts. The United States Court of Appeals affirms the need to ensure that all participants have a level playing field, free from any undue advantage or bias. This reaffirms the commitment to upholding fairness and integrity in government procurement.

The ruling also sheds light on the meticulous scrutiny applied to corrective actions taken by government agencies. In this particular case, the court evaluated the Army's decision to take corrective action in response to SA-TECH's bid protest. The court's analysis demonstrates that agencies must have a valid basis for their corrective actions and must be able to provide a clear rationale for their decisions.

Furthermore, this ruling highlights the importance of jurisdiction in bid protests. The court's decision underscores the need for contractors to understand the applicable rules and regulations governing bid protests and to navigate the protest process effectively. By affirming SA-TECH's claim, the court sets a precedent that strengthens the position of contractors seeking judicial review of government agency actions.

This ruling also serves as a reminder of the significant role that bid protests play in ensuring compliance with laws such as the Service Contract Act (SCA) and the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Bid protests not only hold government agencies accountable but also safeguard the rights and interests of contractors and employees involved in federal service contracts.

The Background

SA-TECH initially won a contract for aerial target flight and maintenance services. However, the Army decided to take corrective action after a protest by Kratos Defense & Security Solutions, the incumbent contractor. The corrective action involved terminating SA-TECH's contract, amending the solicitation, and making a new source selection decision.

SA-TECH's Bid Protest Action

SA-TECH, not content with the Army's decision, filed a bid protest action in the United States Court of Federal Claims. To SA-TECH's favor, the Court of Federal Claims ruled that the Army's actions were unreasonable and contrary to law. Subsequently, the Army decided to appeal to the United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit, but only on the grounds of jurisdiction and justiciability, rather than challenging the merits of the case.

The Court's Analysis

The Court of Appeals deliberated on the jurisdictional requirement for a bid protest. They concluded that a protestor only needed to demonstrate a "non-frivolous allegation of a statutory or regulatory violation in connection with a procurement or proposed procurement" to establish subject matter jurisdiction. In this case, SA-TECH's allegations of procurement violations were found to be non-frivolous and, therefore, met this jurisdictional requirement.

The Rejecting Arguments

In its appeal, the Army raised two critical arguments challenging the jurisdiction of the Court of Federal Claims and the nature of the protest. However, the Court of Appeals swiftly refuted both of these arguments, upholding the jurisdiction of the Court of Federal Claims and affirming SA-TECH's standing as an "interested party."

Regarding the Army's claim of jurisdiction, the Court emphasized that the Court of Federal Claims possesses authority over a wide range of objections - including those related to solicitations, proposed awards, awards, and statutory or regulatory violations. This jurisdiction extends to cases where corrective action has not yet been implemented. In this particular case, SA-TECH's status as the contract awardee did not diminish the Court's jurisdiction in any way.

Furthermore, the Court maintained that SA-TECH qualified as an "interested party" due to its direct economic interest as an actual or prospective bidder. This designation granted SA-TECH the necessary standing to pursue its bid protest. By acknowledging SA-TECH's economic stake in the outcome of the protest, the Court ensured that the voices of affected parties were heard.

In response to the Army's second argument, which suggested that SA-TECH's request for injunctive relief transformed the protest into a claim under the Contract Disputes Act, the Court dismissed this notion. The Court recognized that the decision to seek injunctive relief did not alter the protest from its original nature. Instead, the Court emphasized that the request for injunctive relief was a legitimate form of protest action and did not disqualify it from the proceedings.

Addressing the Army's assertion that the decision to take corrective action should not be considered final, the Court acknowledged that the Army expressed its intent to take corrective action, which signaled a significant step towards resolution. This intent initiated a series of legal consequences and demonstrated a level of finality in the agency's action. Consequently, the Court deemed the decision to take corrective action as sufficiently final, which validated the continuation of the bid protest proceedings.

By refuting the Army's arguments and upholding the jurisdiction of the Court of Federal Claims, the Court of Appeals ensured that all parties involved in the bid protest had a fair opportunity to present their case. This ruling reaffirms the importance of the bid protest process in addressing concerns over solicitation, proposed awards, and the proper application of regulations.

Affirmation of the Decision

The affirmation of the Court of Appeals to uphold SA-TECH's protest and validate their standing and jurisdiction is a tremendous triumph for the company. Not only does it acknowledge the legitimacy of SA-TECH's concerns, but it also underscores the crucial need to address any competitive disadvantages faced by businesses in the government contracting agency.

By recognizing SA-TECH's competitive injury as a non-trivial matter, the Court sheds light on the adverse repercussions of forcing companies to re-compete for a contract after disclosing their price. This critical aspect of the decision underscores the challenges and obstacles that companies like SA-TECH encounter in such circumstances. Re-entering the bidding process can prove to be a daunting and time-consuming task, demanding significant resources, potentially hindering business growth and stifling innovation.

The Court's ruling not only affirms SA-TECH's position but also sends a powerful message to any government contracting agency about the significance of fairness and equity in the procurement process. It highlights the need for agencies to carefully consider and address any potential competitive disadvantages faced by contractors to ensure a level playing field.

This decision also serves as a precedent for other businesses facing similar challenges. It provides a legal basis for companies to seek redress for perceived unequal treatment and reinforces the accountability of contracting agencies in upholding the principles of transparency and fairness. The ruling empowers businesses to confidently challenge contract award decisions, knowing that their concerns will be taken seriously and impartially evaluated.

Furthermore, the Court's affirmation validates the role of bid protest as an essential avenue for resolving disputes and ensuring accountability in the government contracting process. It showcases how the legal framework surrounding bid protests is a critical mechanism to safeguard the interests of both businesses and the government in maintaining an effective and efficient procurement system.

The decision also underlines the importance of engaging the services of a skilled and experienced bid protest attorney. Given the complexity of the process and the potential implications, having a knowledgeable advocate who can navigate the intricacies of bid protests is vital. A bid protest attorney can provide valuable guidance and expertise, increasing the chances of a successful resolution.

Furthermore, this reaffirms the commitment of the Court to protect the integrity and fairness of the procurement process. By addressing and rectifying cases where unfair advantages or disadvantages may exist, the Court ensures that all participants can compete on a level playing field. This not only benefits individual companies like SA-TECH but also promotes a healthy and vibrant marketplace that encourages innovation and fosters healthy competition.

The Court of Appeals' decision also carries broader implications. It establishes a precedent that emphasizes the significance of competitive injury in bid protests, urging agencies and contracting officers to take such concerns seriously. This precedent serves as a reminder that transparency and fairness should be cornerstones of the procurement process, protecting the interests of both the government and private sector.

SA-TECH can take pride in the fact that their protest was not only heard but also validated by the Court. This victory not only provides them with the opportunity to pursue the contract they rightfully deserve but also sends a strong message to other businesses facing similar challenges. It serves as a testament to the power of perseverance and the trustworthiness of the legal system in safeguarding the rights and interests of all parties involved in the procurement process.


The recent court opinion from the United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit, has unequivocally validated SA-TECH's bid protest against the United States Army. This ruling not only clarifies the jurisdictional requirements for bid protests but also emphasizes the criticality of presenting non-frivolous allegations. SA-TECH's triumph in this case showcases the paramount importance of competent legal representation and the effective utilization of the available judicial processes for government contractors.

Furthermore, the affirmation of SA-TECH's protest by the Court of Appeals not only secures a significant victory for the company but also underscores the gravity of addressing the competitive disadvantages encountered by businesses involved in government contracting. This ruling sheds light on the difficulties of re-competing for contracts and the potential obstacles that impede business growth and innovation. It establishes a precedent for fairness and equity in procurement, empowering businesses to seek redress for uneven treatment. Moreover, the decision validates the indispensability of skilled bid protest attorneys in successfully navigating this intricate landscape, reinforcing the value they bring to the table.

Overall, this court opinion serves as an inspiring testament to the power of bid protests, their role in guaranteeing accountability, and their potential to drive positive change in government contracting practices. It reinforces the need for businesses to advocate for their rights and obtain a level playing field, ultimately fostering an environment conducive to fair and efficient procurement processes.